Ransomware is yet another way that hackers and sleazebags try to exploit you and your hard earned money. Ransomware tends to sneak into your computer through spyware.
It may not actually be active right away. Ransomware will wait until it has found an appropriate place to exploit in your computer and then work to encrypt your files.
What Does Ransomware Do?
Ransomware is named the way it is because it works on a ransoming system. Ransomware is going to find something on your computer that it can exploit and it can prevent you from accessing. At that point the software requires you to pay money in order for it to stop using your computer as its plaything. Ransomware sometimes will go after your programs and try to lock them down. Then you have to pay for the restoration of that program. Ransomware is arguably at its most dangerous when it goes after your data. It will encrypt your data. Once your data is encrypted, it’s possible you will be unable to get that data back without paying the ransom.
How Can I Stop Ransomware?
The best way to stop ransomware is to be proactive. There are specific security programs that excel in identifying ransomware before it even begins going after your data. There are specific security software, but it’s also provided within larger more inclusive security suites now.
Ransomware will attack both home and business networks. Business networks will generally have better protection than a home network. This is important because their data can be worth huge amounts of money. This means that you want to protect your data. There’s a more modern security software that uses “deception technology”. Essentially they create fake data to tempt the ransomware into attacking it. This then keeps the ransomware tied up while the security software hunts down and eliminates the ransomware software at its source.
While some software works best after an attack, recognizing the attempts to encrypt data while it’s occurring can allow your protective software to find the ransomware and delete it. If it deletes it before the files are fully encrypted, that will often revert all files. However sometimes it will just mean that some files remain encrypted and some files have been spared.
How Can I Recover From an Attack?
There are tools that will allow a business or home user to work on the files that have been encrypted by ransomware. These will attempt to compare the encrypted files to the standard versions of them. This may allow them to find the encryption key that has been used. If the key is discovered, this means that all files can be returned to their unencrypted state.
Alternatively a great way to keep your data safe is an offline backup. If you have a computer or network that you need protected, you can use external hard drives or cloud storage to backup your data. These offline or cloud storage systems are far harder to reach for the ransomware. You will just delete the encrypted files and replace them with your clean files.