Fleas are small pests that can be found almost everywhere in the environment. They can survive in many different conditions, though they prefer humid, warm conditions, which means that infestations tend to worsen during the summer.
Though there are over two thousand different flea species, the one that most commonly affects pets, including dogs, is Ctenocephalides felis.
Fleas are more than a source of minor irritation. If you find a flea on your dog, it’s usually not alone. Even if you don’t find other fleas, chances are there are flea eggs, larvae, and pupae in the environment, including indoors and outdoors. Bedding, grass, rugs, carpets, and clothing are common sites where fleas breed. An infestation will inevitably result in countless hours spent trying to target the infestation.
When a flea bites, it can cause to flea allergy dermatitis (FAD), a severe allergic reaction. This condition can make your dog miserable, causing itching, inflammation, and if left unchecked, excessive chewing and scratching that can damage your dog’s skin. It may even lead to an infection. In severe cases, fleas may even remove blood through their bites, weakening your pet. Finally, fleas may be carrying parasites, such as tapeworms, that can be transferred to humans.
Clearly, taking steps to prevent a flea infestation in the first place can save you a lot of time, energy, and money.
There are a variety of ways to prevent fleas. Flea control products constitute your first line of defense. These products are effective, easy to administer, and safe. Most come in tablet form, and are administered orally or topically according to the instructions on the medication. Certain types of flea control products only target adult fleas, whereas others target fleas at all life stages, including eggs, larvae, and pupae. Your veterinarian should be able to recommend one or more products in order to get rid of adult fleas and stop fleas from reproducing.
Fluralaner is a new type of flea prevention product for dogs that is sold under the trade name Bravecto. It was approved by the FDA in 2014. Fluralaner can provide long-term protection against both flea and tick species. Its protection lifespan extends for 12 weeks, meaning that it only has to be administered once every three months. It comes in tablet form and is administered orally. Once administered, it begins working immediately. Both adult and juvenile fleas
You will need a prescription from a veterinarian to use Fluralaner. This product should not be used on all types of dogs. Dogs that are under the age of six months should not use Fluralaner, as well as dogs that weigh less than 4.4 lbs. If your dog is on other types of medication, you should make sure to mention them to your veterinarian in order to avoid the potential for adverse reactions.
If together, you and your vet decide to put your dog on Fluralaner, you should still monitor your dog for any potential side effects. Report any unusual side effects to your vet. You will need to keep track of when the next dose is due if you want to maintain the effectiveness of the drug for longer than three months.