Almost every visit to a doctor’s office is going to require a blood pressure reading before seeing the doctor. There’s a great reason for this. Blood pressure readings can be signs of serious medical problems.
It’s a great way to measure general health.
Beyond that, it’s very possible that high blood pressure is a sign of some serious medical problems. People who have high blood pressure or hypertension are at danger of a lot of serious or potentially fatal results. People need to know what their blood pressure reading means and what it can potentially be a sign of. Knowing a healthy blood pressure is crucial.
How Do You Read Blood Pressure?
Some people get confused about blood pressure readings. There’s a lot of numbers being thrown around that can cause confusion. Then there’s numbers “over” other numbers. However, reading and understanding blood pressure is far easier than many people realize. The first is knowing the difference between the two numbers. When reading things, the first number is called systolic pressure. This the force exerted on the arteries when the heart beats. The second number refers to diastolic blood pressure. This number measures the pressure on the blood when the heart is relaxing.
This two numbers are commonly read together like: 125/85. This indicates the systolic pressure as 125 mm/Hg and the diastolic blood pressure at 85 mm/Hg.
What a Normal Blood Pressure?
Every person is different, but there are plenty of general targets that a person can aim for. When it comes to systolic pressure, any number below 120 is considered healthy. Anything below 130 is considered slightly high. Up to 140 is high. Above 140 is considered to be very high and is also part of “hypertension”.
Alternatively, diastolic pressure runs around 80. Typically, this number has far less flexibility. It will likely be below 80 as long as the systolic pressure is below 130. If the diastolic pressure gets up to 90, then it is reaching the higher zone.
It’s also important to know that people can have very low blood pressure. This is less common than high blood pressure (which is fairly common) and it has a whole different set of issues. The truth is that a lot of health issues can also change target goals. Below 120/80 may be the standard healthy level for some people, but not for others. Doctors can advise a person exactly what targets they should hit. Some doctors even believe that measuring blood pressure at a doctors office will often result in elevated readings due to people often feeling stress or fear from being at a doctor’s office.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
The causes of high blood pressure are divided into two sections. “Primary” hypertension develops over the long term and doesn’t have specific reasons. Diet is often considered important.
Secondary hypertension comes from various conditions. When a person has problems with their kidneys, thyroid or adrenal glands, it will commonly cause hypertension. There are other drugs and medicines which can also cause high blood pressure.
Diet to Maintain Healthy Blood Pressure
One of the common ways people will manage their blood pressure is through their diet. Doctors will recommend various foods and diet options to help keep blood pressure in check.
Foods to Avoid
There are many foods that should be avoided or reduced. This includes deli meats, salt/sodium, canned soups, sugar and processed foods. Almost every processed food tends to have huge amounts of salt in it.
Foods to Eat
A lot of the food listed in this section tend to be items in most healthy diets. Leafy greens are a must have for healthy blood pressure. Several fruit is really helpful, this includes various berries as well as bananas. Items like dark chocolate or pistachios allow people trying to lower their blood pressure an outlet for snacks. Roasted garlic also adds an incredible amount of flavor to meals.
Lowering Blood Pressure Quickly
Sometimes, a person may feel they need to lower blood pressure quickly. It’s not a great idea to try to fool a test, but it’s very possible that some readings have been high due to stress or serious factors. To try to lower blood pressure quickly, don’t drink caffeine or smoke or drink alcohol. Eat foods with potassium as well as fruits and vegetables. Hydrate with lots of water and meditate before getting a good night’s sleep.