Multiple Sclerosis is an incredibly serious and tragic disease. People with multiple sclerosis suffer a type of nerve damage. Their own immune systems attack the coating on their nerves which protects them.
Once that coating is gone, the nerves get damaged and no longer properly receive inputs from the brain. People with Multiple Sclerosis often have to have assistance during the later stages due to the symptoms they exude.
What Causes Multiple Sclerosis?
To put it bluntly, no one knows. The cause of Multiple Sclerosis unfortunately remains a mystery, and is one of the major reasons there is currently no cure for the disease. There has been a lot of research into it and it will take a lot more research. That being said, while a definitive cause hasn’t been found there are some links that seem to increase the risk of contracting Multiple Sclerosis. Smokers have a higher rate of contracting the disease than other people. Generally, since it’s a disease where the immune system goes wrong, if there’s a disease or condition that decreases the immune system in some way, it increases the chances of Multiple Sclerosis. Even something as simple as increasing the amount of Vitamin D (comes from sunlight) you receive is likely to decrease your chance to gain Multiple Sclerosis because Vitamin D can sometimes strengthen your immune system.
What Happens to People with Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis can be a very painful disease to suffer through both mentally and physically. When the nerves become damaged, it means that they no longer accept impulses like they used to. The nerves are often damaged in the spine, the brain and the eyes. Because of this, motor skills will often be affected. Sufferers of Multiple Sclerosis will struggle to walk, and sometimes they will have muscle spasms or muscle impotence. In addition, people with Multiple Sclerosis can have issues with vision, issues with memory, sexual performance problems, weakness and lack of energy, loss of bladder and bowel control and a general constant pain. If that list of symptoms doesn’t sound like one of the worst possible outcomes for someone, it’s very close.
What is used to treat Multiple Sclerosis?
Sadly, there’s no cure for Multiple Sclerosis at this time. There are some treatments that can be used to affect the symptoms but there’s no cure. Sometimes doctors can describe drugs to help the nerves casing and slow down the damage being caused to them. This isn’t a cure, and is purely preventative, but it can buy some time. Doctors can also give steroids. It’s important to learn exercises to help with your balance and energy. Because of the issues with physical movement it’s important to train your body as much as possible to keep basic lifestyle options available and not require on assistance. Steroids can make the attacks of Multiple Sclerosis shorter in duration. Massage and muscle relaxants can be a counter to the severe muscle spasms.
Multiple Sclerosis is also commonly linked with depression and some mental illness. It’s not hard to see why. Multiple Sclerosis causes extreme mental stress on the person who’s contacted it. Families are also subject to extreme stress when someone with Multiple Sclerosis is within the family. It’s important that people reach out when dealing with this depression or mental anguish. There are many organizations out there designed to help with the rigors and people need to make use of them by reaching out.